What does the term treason;

With the term betrayal, EC of the verb squeal, characterized in General any breach of obligations towards accredited within a social relationship, between individuals, or organizations, or between and those having, people and organizations, or even in international relations, between Governments allied countries, eg. betrayal of friends, lovers, partners, clubs, Contracting companies, or members or employees of these met΄ etc..

In legal science, betrayal is the individual crime of non-commitment to the έθνος ή στην State. A person who betrays the nation or nationality and/or violates a oath devotion, and in any deliberate way of collaborating with the enemy, is considered to be traitor.

Heavier, pesky notion of importance, cases of betrayal, According to the Greek legislation are those who are turning against the country, or against the Supreme Lord and the Constitution of the country that receives and the special name "εσχάτη προδοσία», both it and the only cases, criminal kolasimes.»

We add a comment, ότι, namely, the above definitions are missing the meaning of deceit, the need for each case of betrayal. Namely that the traitor, claims that owned and serves the interests, of an individual or a group or of the homeland. Even if not considered self-evident by says group or individual that is a friend or intimate with that group or individual. He however — in secret and this is the falsehood — simultaneously acting contrary to what it claims, and serves the interests of opponents or enemies and to the detriment of the benefit of those whom it claims that he serves with devastating effect on those to whom it is supposed to belong.. The traitorous energy overlapped by some falsehood or by a network of false. The purpose of deceit is not prodidomeni group that knows the opponent or enemy knows this or that the crucial point of the organization or of its defence.

The Act of betrayal is moving on two levels. One is the deepest, the psychological unconscious. The other is the relentlessly and informed.

The first propose to investigate at the end of this series, because we have a lot more items. Here I will briefly mention two mporoysane of the principle emerging ideas. One is that an underlying unrestrained hatred against what is the ' same ', namely , the homeland, the family, the team or the man with whom she had a relationship the traitor. In the final analysis, the ' same ' should be and the self. The second idea concerns the scale of values and the ideal of the ego. If the money or the power is for someone the Supreme values, then if you're going to satisfy his desire for money or power, man he can betray his country or something else. If these two co-exist, then this combination ' helps ' the traitor, because the destruction of the ' same ', namely, What is the personal report of, the homeland, his family, relationships and personal experience, replaced by the power and money that occupy the empty space of those who before were now destroyed. So the money and power are made, inside the anaparastasiako and emotional space, the new home, family, human relations and personal experiences. This is accentuated and overwhelms the soul traitor, not only because it was permanently destroyed before has already, but because "the prodosian many igapisan, but nobody prodotin ' him '.

In this series, because the topic is particularly difficult, I will quote some texts or will refer to some facts from history and from the present, posing beside the question: "This is treason;»

Today I will mention a text from the ' Great Greek encyclopedia ' and from the entry ' Betrayal '. Mentioned in ancient Athens1.

"In the archaiais Athens the betrayal or crime political, so d ' echaraktirizeto and exapatisis in the municipality by false news, advice of promises∙ the transgression of special resolution∙ the oath of the teenage athetisis∙ any proven misodimia2∙ the object to laws the protasis mode, Wherefore and the proposers so esigonto laws in Cape charaktirizomenoys on the Republic's State apopeira.

The betrayal arbitrary interpretation of the judges in the archaiais edimioyrgisen megistin eykolian to Athens developed similar facilities under the policies and orators, own d ' exapsews in kairois of incomprehension and political passions, When they were imported at the Cape and the citizens for treason excellent, ekfrasin and synekeito s aplin political opinion contrary to the kratoyntos. The treason accused eisigeto in the guise of so-called public prosecutor or, namely, of kataminysews unto the dimon, He thus assumed the guise as Prosecutor or by ' writing ', namely, class to the thesmothetas document, and to the archaioteron of Lords onomazomenon ' King ', non-compliance most often defined under the laws of the relevant procedural types, No word had opoioos them to respect this oyd ' Areopagus, If you ever owned a prodotin, as happened against Antifwntos, of peirathentos, Meth ' yposchesin in Filippon II of Macedonia, to burns the dockyards3 of Athens.

The Ecclesia in Athens could vote against any suspect temporary diataxeiskai by prodosian, a matter of luck and to lessen the poinin prodotoy thanatikin, the nation and each citizen was entitled to kill apoinei4, any charaktirizomenon prodotin. The price, that is the penalty of prodotoy was not only the death, but the dimeysis property, the katedefisis of the oikoias, the irrevocable burial of the apagoreysis of the Attiki, the stiliteysis of his name forever, klirotoymenis of dishonour and his descendants. If the, dead now, thanaton apedeiknyeto after that was in the life of a traitor, eisigeto in as, After the ekdosin of anwrysseto the tomb of judgment, the bones of erriptonto outside of the country. If you had foneysei the toioyton prodotin, class apilasseto, of conviction, of sentence, anegnwrizeto and citizen of Athens if he was not. If the Court had support on the prodotin so apodeiknyomenon, katedikazeto now unto death... ".5

These penalties reach extreme limits. Remind us of the penalty imposed by Creon, the King of Thebes, in Polynices, the son of Oedipus and his brother Eteocles, who usurped the throne of Thebes. The Polynices organized the attack of ' Seven ' on Thibais, to banish his brother from the throne and become that King. The penalty of doom or non-human law was killed and two of their brother's hand. The penalty of power, i.e. of Creon, was to stay atafos the Polynices and his body to become cannon ornewn, While eteocles buried with irwos values.. Antigone feels this penalty blasphemous, why offend the laws of gods and therein agrees and Sophocles. Here the specific penalty has not belonged to any law but was judgment of Creon, who felt the Polynices traitor. Possibly some extreme penalties, referred to certain decisions were also rulers.

However this recording demonstrates the tremendous weight that was for the ancients the betrayal but also the range had this concept. Eg. the last sentence of the text above is a catalytic. We mean the phrase: ". If the Court had support on the prodotin so apodeiknyomenon, death katedikazeto now».

The ancient Greeks well they knew well what the word means treachery.

¹ for the sake of objectivity we left the text in this tough katharevousa, as it is written.
² hatred against the community.
³ Yards.
4 Without punishment.